Bystolic is a drug from the group of selective beta-adrenoreceptor blockers.
The drug is used in the complex therapy of arterial hypertension and chronic heart failure in the elderly and other affected individuals.
Form of release and composition
The active substance of Bystolic is nebivolol hydrochloride (hcl). One tablet contains either 2.5 mg or 5 mg of this active ingredient.
Effects of Nebivolol hcl
After the tablet is taken, the heart rate and systemic resistance of the vessels decreases. With the consumption of a single tablet, there is no pronounced hypotensive effect, so the drug can be taken both by people with normal blood pressure and those with hypertension.
Indications for use of Bystolic
Bystolic is indicated for use in the following cases: essential hypertension, chronic heart failure in the elderly, cardiac ischemia, and angina pectoris.
The drug is prescribed for the prevention of hypertensive crisis and as supportive therapy for patients with progressive atherosclerosis of the cerebral vessels. Bystolic is advisable to be taken to reduce the load on the heart in a crisis if it is accompanied by severe angina.
The use of the drug in heart failure in seniors is due to its good tolerability and minimum side effects, which are especially important in the treatment of patients in this age group. Bystolic can be safely prescribed to people over 70 years of age.
The scheme of reception and dosage of Bystolic
In the case of arterial hypertension, Bystolic is taken at a dosage of 5 mg per day. The tablet should be swallowed with a sufficient amount of water.
In the case of heart failure, therapy is started with minimal dosages of 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg per day.
The instructions for use describe in detail how to take Bystolic.
Contraindications for Nebivolol hcl
Taking the drug should be abandoned in the following cases: acute heart failure, acute renal insufficiency, severe violations of liver function, cardiogenic shock, syndrome of the weakness of the sinus node, arterial hypotension, bradycardia, and violations of peripheral circulation.
Nebivolol is not prescribed in case of individual intolerance of the active substance or those with negative experiences with beta-blockers.
Side effects of Nebivolol
Widespread side effects during the treatment with Nebivolol include confusion, migraine, shortness of breath, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and edema.
In most cases, such reactions are observed in the first days of therapy. With a gradual increase in dosage, no negative effects are typically observed.
Among pharmacological medications for drug therapy of hypertension and other pathologies of the cardiovascular system, propranolol is one of the most effective agents. The drug has a depressing effect on the brain centers responsible for blood pressure.